D & KMU

Architects and Building Designers


All mid size to large building projects need to employ the services of a building designer to supervise the design and construction of the building. We would like to be that consultant on your next project.

“Architecture is about creating buildings and spaces that inspire us, that help us do our jobs, that bring us together, and that become, at their best, works of art that we can move through and live in. And in the end, that is why architecture can be considered the most democratic of art forms.”2011, President Barack Obama 

In the modern profession of architecture it is about echoing the origins, the rich record, and the actual fast-paced changes in the 21st hundred years.

The highly regulated profession of architecture is considered relatively new. We have seen architects for as long as we can remember and history recording societies getting built.  In early history though, traditional civilizations and dialects, the identical word was used for both builder and designer. Construction was an integrated craft that the master builder or carpenter knew its best way to design.

These designer builders also were required to find the labor in addition to sourcing materials, to estimate expenses, to deal with the design processes, and to erect the structures from base to roofing. How times have changed!

 “Architecture is that great living creative spirit which from generation to generation, from age to age, proceeds, persists, creates, according to the nature of man, and his circumstances as they change. That is really architecture.” – Frank Lloyd Wright

Starting in the 17th century, the rise of the profession, the actual discipline regarding architecture started to be increasingly special. With the actual nineteenth millennium expansion regarding scientific knowledge, the evolution of different technically driven disciplines like engineering, the corresponding benefits of more difficult construction systems, the self-control of architectural mastery became more focused on questions regarding basic performance and looks. In the hunt for professional reputation, architects wanted no more to be perceived as craftspersons. In the 19th and 20th century, the occupation made the public aware of the differences between architects and building contractors.

Architect:
A great architect is a person trained in the setting up, design and also supervision with the construction  of  structures and buildings. An architect’s decisions can affect public safety, therefore must go through specialized training composed of advanced education plus a practicum (or internship) for working experience to get qualified.

In almost all of the world’s jurisdictions, the professional and commercial usage of the term “architect”  is legally protected. Architecture is to do with planning, designing and constructing form, place and atmosphere to echo functional, complex, social, environmental and visual considerations. It requires the innovative manipulation and coordination regarding materials and technology, also of colour and light.

The process of structure also encompasses the pragmatic tasks of realizing complexes in the construction process, including arrangement of consultants, cost evaluation and development administration. Documentation that is generated by architects, normally drawings, plans and complex specifications, defines this structure and/or behavior of the building as well as for the purposes of pricing.

Architecture can mean:

  • A general term that describes buildings and other physical structures.
  • The art of designing buildings and some non-standard building structures.
  • The style and design method of construction of buildings and other physical structures.
  • The knowledge and interface of art, science & technology and humanity.
  • The practice of the architect, where architecture means offering or rendering professional services in connection with the design and construction of buildings, or environments.
  • The design activity of the architect, from the macro-level (urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture).

Amazing Buildings In The World:

Staff at D & KMU Define Architecture in their own words:

  • An art that reflects human feelings and dreams in shapes within science, environment, and humanity.
  • Ability to dream like an artist, think like an engineer and implement it.
  • Architecture is a process, beginning from conceptualization of anything useful in any form or shape for use by mankind, especially buildings, etc. conforming to basic acceptable norms in a given environment, providing physical functional shelter.
  • I think Architecture is art through which we can walk and bring others with us.
  • Architecture consists of building stuff, from chairs, tables, tree houses, homes and as big as cities.
  • Architecture is the thoughtful design of the structural elements of a ‘body or building’, both underlying armature and overlaying sheath or skin. It is ‘premeditated evolved problem solving’ at its most complicated, and at its simplest – pure form following function. (Now, more than ever, it is 3D creative problem solving that is evolving other dimensions – considering timelines, spacial concerns and sophisticated organic materials that react to both interior and exterior conditions as they relate to the human condition.
  • For me, architecture is art and engineering. It manifests itself in design. That is the creative part. Science tries to discover something.
  • An architect worthy of the name must not only know how to design functional structures that will be safe in all kinds of conditions, he must also have an eye for beauty. Many in the field just try to come up with something different that will draw attention, but if you will observe the most charming and lovely neighborhoods, the architecture of the homes will harmonize and complement each other. This is especially true in many of the villages in Europe or Japan. What is true of gardens and apparel is also true of houses. Just as one wouldn’t usually plant flaming red flowers under a redbud tree or wear colors that clash, the same is true of houses. An architect should have a sense for such matters and be able to enhance the overall effect of a neighborhood rather than destroy the beauty that others have achieved by putting a mismatch in their midst. Too often today loveliness is sabotaged in the attempt to compete for attention. A true architect, however, will appreciate beauty.
  • Architecture is a systematic arrangement of components.
  • The study of form, space, and order is called architecture.

‘Architecture is from the Latin word architectura, which is formed from the words for architect.’

Talk To D&KMU about your next project…we would love to hear from you.

December 2015 : Design Insight : Car Park Safety Furniture 

Each month D&KMU feature a building design aspect as food for thought in the process of building design considerations. This month its the little thought about and often over looked area of car park safety furniture.

In particular Wheel Stops and Bollards:

What are Wheel stops?

Wheel stops are buffers that help to avert vehicles from parking too close to the walls, dividers, trees and other vehicles. These are a measure of preventing damage to the property of any person. Wheel stops were born of necessity and hence a mandatory requirement in almost all car parks. These are a way of ensuring safe parking distance between vehicles as well as between wall of the parking and the parked car.

Types of Car Park Wheel Stops

There are three basic kinds of wheel stops that are available. These are:

  • Rubber Wheel Stops – these are mostly made from recycled rubber. Rubber is in itself a strong, durable, reliable and long lasting material, and so are the rubber wheel stops. The installation cost of setting up these wheel stops is low, and these do not even require any heavy duty lifting equipment. Since these Wheel Stops are made of rubber, which is all weather easy, their maintenance cost is also very low. On impact, these cause less damage to the vehicle. These are easy to install in any surface asphalt or concrete and also environment-friendly.
  • Concrete Wheel Stops –as the name itself, suggests this wheel, stops are made of concrete. They are hard and extremely sturdy. But their biggest drawback is that in case of impact, these tend to damage the vehicle. The intensity of damage depends on the speed of the vehicle. Being heavy, the concrete wheel stops are difficult to install and often require hiring of heavy weight lifting crane or forklift. Although, the best feature concerning the concrete wheel stops is that it requires next to none maintenance. Only in case of breakage do they need to be repaired or replaced.
  • Plastic Wheel Stops – plastic wheel stops are very light in weight. These are weather resistant to a very large scales such external atmospheric conditions do not damage them easily. These are light in weight hence, do not require any heavy duty machinery for lifting. Also, plastic wheel stops can be self-installed, thereby, saving a large amount of money in the cost of installation. These are pliable and very low maintenance as well. The best aspect of plastic wheel stops is that it is made of recycled material and do not cause any damage to the vehicle on impact.

The type of wheel stops used depends on where they are being used. In parking lots that are not open you will mostly find plastic or rubber wheel stops. In open parking spaces, concrete wheel stops are still very popular. But, the popularity of concrete wheel stops is now on the decline, this is majorly because environment-friendly, low maintenance, and better options are now available. These options being plastic and rubber wheel stops that perform the requisite function reliably and efficiently.

In 2015, one of the building trends to emerge has been the rising popularity of bollards as a functional method of traffic control, design enhancement and advertising revenue. This advertising revenue from removable stickers is also being used in car park wheel stop installations.

What Are Traffic Bollards?

Bollards come in all shapes and sizes from short vertical poles that are used to act as barriers so as to prevent any potential collision through to decorative items. Most bollards are used to protect buildings and pedestrians from passing vehicles. The most common places for bollards to be be seen is in places like store fronts, car parks, roadways, traffic medians, etc.

Types of Bollards

The various types of bollards that can be seen in car parks and traffic ways are:

  • Standard Bollards –these types of bollards are fixed to the road. They generally are secured at the base. They are either bolted or fixed to the floor with cement or long anchor rods. Regardless of fixing method, they are immovable. These are intended for both keeping slow and fast moving traffic from walkways or buildings.
  • Removable Bollards –this type of bollards can make use of a hole in the ground shaped to fit the bollard. It can be stored when not in use in the ground or to allow it to be put in place and restrict access the bollard is simply lifted and locked into the upright position.
  • >Collapsible Bollards – as the name itself, suggests these bollards can be folded either up or down. This is carried out by using a tool or a key.
  • Retractable Bollards –sometimes to control the movement of traffic at peak times a retractable bollard is used. These bollards utilise a manual key, hydraulics or an alarm system to raise as well as bring down the bollard from the upright position.

Guidelines For Setting Bollards

There are a few things that need to be kept in mind while setting up bollards. These tend to be overlooked at times and so might lead to problems later on. To avoid any untoward situation follow the below-mentioned guidelines.

  • Check With Local Council –it is always better to be safe than sorry. Hence, make it a rule first to check with the local city council if they have any specific rules and regulations regarding the same. If yes, then follow them as per the book.
  • Accessibility – a bollard should never obstruct the pathway. It is meant as a divider so; it should be used as one. It’s purpose is to avoid a collision from occurring not stopping people from coming and going.
  • Aesthetics – bollards are available in many colours and styles. Hence, try to use one that becomes a part of the landscaping and merges effectively with the surroundings while serving its purpose efficiently. It should not spoil the overall look of the structure.
  • Material –bollards are made of either plastic or steel. In car parks, plastic bollards can be used easily as the traffic is considerably slow moving. Sometimes the bollards are covered with a coating of an elastomer so as to help absorb the energy from any collision. Stronger materials like steel can be used at entry points to the car park. This will provide a much stronger and durable safeguard from a fast moving vehicle.

Bollards have numerous alternatives and uses, making them an adaptable and trustworthy expansion to any car parking zone, requiring security from moving vehicles. You can enjoy your outing from home in a much better mind set knowing that bollards are set in place to safeguard your building from vehicles venturing to close or from entering restricted areas.

D&KMU specify Maul Products as preferred supplier of Traffic Bollards and Plastic Wheel Stops